CASE 13230 Published on 29.02.2016

Munchmeyer's Disease


Musculoskeletal system

Case Type

Clinical Cases


Dr. Akhilanand Chaurasia, Dr. Shailesh Kumar Singh, Dr. Vaibhav Mishra

Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology,Shahmina Road,Chawk, Lucknow,India-226003,King George's Medical university,Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology; Flat No-701,New Faculty Residence, T.G Hostel campus,Khadra Lucknow 226003, India;

10 years, female

Area of Interest Musculoskeletal system, Musculoskeletal bone, Head and neck, Thorax, Musculoskeletal soft tissue ; Imaging Technique Conventional radiography, CT-Quantitative, CT
Clinical History
A 10-year-old female presented with the chief complaint of progressive inability to open the mouth since the past year and multiple firm round swellings on the vertebral region, right scapula and right occipital region of the skull. She had laterally deviated short first toes of both feet.
Imaging Findings
1. PA chest showing extensive focal and cord-like ossification of muscles and soft tissue of back, chest, abdomen and visualised right arm giving pattern of branching tree.
2. AP radiograph of both feet showing microdactyly of the great toes and bilateral hallux valgus.
3. Lateral view of thorax and abdomen showing cord-like ossifications of muscles of back
4. Axial CT images of thorax showing ossification of back, chest muscles.
5. 3D Coronal CT image showing posterior view of trunk and neck exhibiting excellent demonstration of soft tissue and muscle ossifications mimicking ‘tree branching pattern’.
6. 3D Coronal CT image showing anterior view of trunk and neck exhibiting excellent demonstration of soft tissue and muscle ossifications mimicking ‘tree branching pattern’.
Munchmeyer's disease or Fibrodysplasia ossificans progressive (FOP) is a rare autosomal dominant disease [1]. It is also known as myositis ossificans progressive or stone man disease [2]. It was first described by Patin [3]. The worldwide prevalence of FOP is approximately 1 in 2,000,000 [4]. It is most commonly seen between birth and 10 years of age. The mean age of occurrence is three years. Pathologically it is characterized by progressive replacement of muscles, tendons, ligaments, fascia and aponeurosis by bone, leading to progressive stiffness of the adjacent joints. The progressive replacement of the chest wall may lead to pneumonia and death [5]. FOP is characterized by two cardinal features: a)heterotopic progressive osteogenesis, b) congenital abnormalities of the great toes [2]. However it is particularly disabling in children. The most characteristic deformity is microdactyly of both halluces due to a single phalanx in valgus position [6, 7]. This characteristic feature is found in our case also. The patients affected by FOP are usually confined to bed by the age of 30. FOP primarily involves the neck (50%), dorsal paraspinal region (30%), head (10%) or limbs (10%). The 70% of FOP patients develop temperomandibular joint ankylosis [8]. The ectopic ossification is a hallmark sign of FOP. It can occur during the lifespan of a patient but most commonly it is found between 3 to 5 years of age [8, 9]. Radiologically, myossitis ossificans progressiva can be identified approximately two to four weeks after the onset of the process. In FOP, computed tomography can be used to delineate the central radiolucency encompassed by peripheral density [10]. The radiographs may aid in documenting minor osseous dysmorphism. Bone scintigraphy with 99mTc-MDP demonstrates early heterotopic ossification and helps in assessment of the extent and progression of the FOP [7]. The effective treatment for FOP is still unknown. FOP is managed conservatively by avoiding conditions potentially provocative of abnormal ossification. However administration of calcium chelators such as sodium etidronate and corticosteroids reduces the progress of the disease [10].
Differential Diagnosis List
Munchmeyer's disease or Fibrodysplasia ossificans progressive
Albright hereditary osteodystrophy
Pseudomalignant heterotopic ossification
Progressive osseous heteroplasia
Final Diagnosis
Munchmeyer's disease or Fibrodysplasia ossificans progressive
Case information
DOI: 10.1594/EURORAD/CASE.13230
ISSN: 1563-4086